Sixty six years ago, British forces landed in Surabaya as part of the Allied assignment to accept Japanese surrender and recover prisoners of war. However, part of the British force was a Dutch military contingent with a covert mission to regain colonial rule over Indonesia. The Battle of Surabaya followed and is one of the most important in Indonesian history.
The renowned Bung Tomo led the battle and gave fiery, emotional addresses over radio that propelled thousands of Indonesians—both civilians and soldiers—to action.
Charged with the spirit of freedom, 30,000 Indonesian soldiers and more than 100,000 civilian volunteers marched into battle. They were humble, ordinary Indonesians who faced an overwhelming challenge, but rose gallantly against the impending tyranny.